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This template is used to cite online sources in Wikipedia articles. {{Cite news}} can also be used when citing a news source; for general information about citations in Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:Cite sources. A general discussion of the use of templates for adding citations to Wikipedia articles is available at Wikipedia:Citation templates.

Usage

Common forms with authors in any format

Citations within a page should use consistent formats. However, there is no consensus about which format is best. The following examples are for citations where one or more authors are listed in a single Template:Para parameter, using any format. Also shown below are two separate date formats that are commonly used in Wikipedia:

Day Month Year

{{cite web |url= |title= |author= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=Template:Currentdaymonth Template:Currentisoyear}}

Month Day, Year

{{cite web |url= |title= |author= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=Template:Currentmonthday, Template:Currentisoyear}}

Common forms with last1, first1; last2, first2

The examples hereafter will suffice for up to two authors each with first and last names; for more, just create more parameters in a similar style:

Day Month Year

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=4 August 2020}}

Month Day, Year

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=August 4, 2020}}

All parameters

When copying all parameters in either the vertical or horizontal layouts, delete those which are not needed. None of the parameters should be capitalised, or the template will not work as intended. For example, use "url", "title", etc.—not "URL", "Title", etc.

All parameters, horizontal layout

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |work= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doibroken= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc = |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript=}}

All parameters, vertical layout

All parameters
Using last name, first name
All parameters
Using author
Common parameters
Using last name, first name
Common parameters
Using author
{{cite web
 | url          = 
 | title        = 
 | last1        = 
 | first1       = 
 | authorlink1  = 
 | last2        = 
 | first2       = 
 | authorlink2  = 
 | date         = 
 | month        = 
 | year         = 
 | work         = 
 | publisher    = 
 | location     = 
 | page         = 
 | pages        = 
 | at           = 
 | language     = 
 | trans_title  = 
 | type         = 
 | format       = 
 | arxiv        = 
 | asin         = 
 | bibcode      = 
 | doi          = 
 | doibroken    = 
 | isbn         = 
 | issn         = 
 | jfm          = 
 | jstor        = 
 | lccn         = 
 | mr           = 
 | oclc         = 
 | ol           = 
 | osti         = 
 | pmc          = 
 | pmid         = 
 | rfc          = 
 | ssrn         = 
 | zbl          = 
 | id           = 
 | archiveurl   = 
 | archivedate  = 
 | deadurl      = 
 | accessdate   = 
 | quote        = 
 | ref          = 
 | separator    = 
 | postscript   = 
}}
{{cite web
 | url          = 
 | title        = 
 | author1      = 
 | authorlink1  = 
 | author2      = 
 | authorlink2  = 
 | date         = 
 | month        = 
 | year         = 
 | work         = 
 | publisher    = 
 | location     = 
 | page         = 
 | pages        = 
 | at           = 
 | language     = 
 | trans_title  = 
 | type         = 
 | format       = 
 | arxiv        = 
 | asin         = 
 | bibcode      = 
 | doi          = 
 | doibroken    = 
 | isbn         = 
 | issn         = 
 | jfm          = 
 | jstor        = 
 | lccn         = 
 | mr           = 
 | oclc         = 
 | ol           = 
 | osti         = 
 | pmc          = 
 | pmid         = 
 | rfc          = 
 | ssrn         = 
 | zbl          = 
 | id           = 
 | archiveurl   = 
 | archivedate  = 
 | deadurl      = 
 | accessdate   = 
 | quote        = 
 | ref          = 
 | separator    = 
 | postscript   = 
}}
{{cite web
 | url        = 
 | title      = 
 | last       = 
 | first      = 
 | date       = 
 | work       = 
 | publisher  = 
 | accessdate = 
}}
{{cite web
 | url        = 
 | title      = 
 | author     = 
 | date       = 
 | work       = 
 | publisher  = 
 | accessdate = 
}}

Examples

{{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |author = Doe, John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |work = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}


{{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |author = Doe, John |date = 30 April 2005 |work = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate = 6 July 2005 }}


{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}


{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}


{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}


{{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}


Using format

{{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}


Foreign language and translated title

{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |author=Joliet, François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}


Using authorlink

{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}


Multiple authors

{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |first=John |last=Doe |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
  • Doe, John (30 April 2005). Our Favorite Things. Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved on 16 May 2006.


{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |author=John Doe; Peter Smith; Jim Smythe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
  • John Doe; Peter Smith; Jim Smythe (30 April 2005). Our Favorite Things. Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved on 16 May 2006.


No author

{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
  • Index of Sharp Things. Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing (30 April 2005). Retrieved on 16 May 2006.


No author, no publisher This abbreviated format should only be used when the editor cannot determine the publisher and author.

{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}


{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}


{{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}


Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived

{{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}


{{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}


{{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}


Using quote

{{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |work=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...' }}


Parameters

Syntax

Template:Citation Style documentation/syntax

Template:Citation Style documentation/coins

Template:Citation Style documentation/sep period

Deprecated

Template:Citation Style documentation/deprecated

Description

Authors

Template:Citation Style documentation/author

Title

Template:Citation Style documentation/web Template:Citation Style documentation/type Template:Citation Style documentation/language

Date

Template:Citation Style documentation/date

Publisher

Template:Citation Style documentation/publisher

Series

Template:Citation Style documentation/series

In-source locations

Template:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL

Template:Citation Style documentation/url

Anchor

Template:Citation Style documentation/ref

Identifiers

Template:Citation Style documentation/id1 Template:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote

Template:Citation Style documentation/quote

Editors

Template:Citation Style documentation/editor

Laysummary

Template:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options

Template:Citation Style documentation/display

Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS



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